What are the benefits or advantages that teams provide for organizations and employees? Do we really need to adopt formal team structures and use team-building approaches in organizations? Read this article to explore and learn the benefits of having formal teams in organizations.

The major drawback of the norming stage is that members may begin to fear the inevitable future breakup of the team; they may resist change of any sort. Think of the forming stage like the first day of school or the first day at a new job. Everyone is ready to roll up their sleeves, get what are the four stages of team development to know each other and get started on the project. And although it may be slightly cliche, there’s a lot of truth to it. When you’re on a team full of high performers and go-getters, even the most daunting of goals or end-result becomes a lot easier to face head-on and accomplish.

phases of team building

The storming stage is the most difficult and critical stage to pass through. It is a period marked by conflict and competition as individual personalities emerge. Team performance may actually decrease in this stage because energy is put into unproductive activities.

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Fellow for EnterpriseSupport company leaders with Fellow’s uniform meeting templates, collaborative one-on-one meetings, and feedback tools. Teams should be able to work together without constant conflict and disagreement. Members of the team start to see each other more frequently and begin to develop a closer relationship. They learn to trust one another and become comfortable around one another. The purpose of forming is to establish trust between team members and ensure that they have similar goals and values. During the Ending Stage, some team members may become less focussed on the team’s tasks and their productivity may drop.

Free team building activities and activities for work have more specialized options. Many teams will continue to have bouts of “Storming” from time-to-time, for example, after an organisational change. Also, as team members leave and new team members join, the team might go back through the stages. It is in this stage that the team begins to operate effectively and gains momentum in completing tasks towards accomplishing the team goal. A team leader may help team members understand the goal of the team as well as potential challenges. The lead team member may need to use these skills when there are differing opinions and negotiation with team members is required.

phases of team building

Some teams adjourn with silence, some with celebration, and others with sadness. Regardless of the length or success of a project, each team deserves a hearty affirmation of its concerted efforts. The adjourning phase is a fantastic opportunity for leaders to encourage long-term connections, reflect on the growth of the team, and celebrate the project closing. Almost all teams lack one or more of these criteria at some point in their tenure.

It just means that when change happens, humans need time to adapt. Communication in the Workplace Crossed wires and missed connections – good communication among teams is tablestakes for effective teamwork. Get best practices and sound advice on how to create understanding and work together better. In agile software development, high-performance teams will exhibit a swarm behavior as they come together, collaborate, and focus on solving a single problem.

Using the Stages of Team Development

The leader must stay positive and coach members in assertiveness and, where necessary, conflict resolution skills. A fundamental component of both Human Resources Management and Project Management is the development of high-performing teams. Building teams that are cohesive, goal-focused, and possess both specialized and complementary skills to fall under the domain of both professions (Abudi, 2020; SHRM, n.d.). Also, Human Resources supports employees through team conflicts and mediates between management and workers which is an essential part of the Storming stage (Developing and Sustaining, n.d.). In the Norming stage, Human Resources professionals work to offer continual support to employees, facilitate discussions, and provide needed training (Developing and Sustaining, n.d.).

phases of team building

This is a great time to reflect on what makes a high-performing team able to accomplish tasks and move through obstacles. To properly and clearly identify these in group form, we use the 4 stages of team development. Team leadership Support managers with the tools and resources they need to lead hybrid & remote teams. Team learning is often necessary to execute healthy team development and providing your team with the tools they need to thrive is good for them and your organization.


For instance, outlining the team’s purpose and mission at the forming stage and retaliating during subsequent stages ensures no one loses sight of the common goal. Here, there’s cohesion, trust, and understanding among team members. The team functions at peak efficiency, and little or no oversight are needed.

You’ll know when it happens because your team will drive each other to work harder and better. As a manager, you want to empower the team to handle dissent and set goals as they need to. If you’re lucky and the activities above are effective, you might be able to take your team straight to norming. However, if your team skips the storming phase, that may be because of conflict avoidance instead.

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Answer the question below to see how well you understand the topics covered in this section. This short quiz does not count toward your grade in the class, and you can retake it an unlimited number of times. Teams move through a series of four phases—from when they are formed to when their work is complete. Unfortunately, many organizations don’t reflect that reality, and in the absence of healthy team environments employees tend to work in silos and get things done alone versus collaboratively. Rizing’s objective is to enable every business that uses SAP solutions to achieve a truly intelligent enterprise. We help our customers with a combination of our own deep industry experience and leading SAP technologies.

  • In terms of the dating metaphor, this stage is akin to a couple’s first fight, a disagreement over something silly like a comment over a movie or a mess in the sink.
  • A fundamental component of both Human Resources Management and Project Management is the development of high-performing teams.
  • And, when all is said and done, going through all five stages of team development sets the team up for success.
  • This helps to eliminate potential misunderstandings at work in the future due to mismatched expectations.

Best applied for teams that are very skilled, motivated and working effectively. After all, their ability to overcome obstacles and achieve their goals is a reflection of a management job well done. This is indicated through the project stage which is either completed or very nearly there. This gives them an opportunity to recognize their abilities as well as those of their teammates. They feel confident and comfortable when approaching you with concerns and questions.

What is the team development process?

Check out our blog for more leadership insights, and reach out to our team to schedule a free consultation. There is little intervention needed from leadership at this stage, but it is important to continue providing support where needed to prevent the team from lapsing back into the storming stage. After the internal conflicts have been resolved, the team members begin to exhibit a sense of cohesion and are more comfortable with one another. They begin sharing their ideas and giving feedback to one another, increasing the group’s overall creativity.

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One task we often help clients with is exploring the feasibility of developing an idea… All groups must go through the initial four stages in order to become productive and deliver results. Services Services Leverage services that provide quick innovation with designs that work the first time—and stay reliable for years. Individual team member behaviour can vary greatly during this stage.


Sometimes they get along well, and other times they might rub each other the wrong way. When members have a strong bond with each other, they collaborate better and achieve a higher level of productivity. Team training and development are key to strengthening teams so they are equiped to accomplish organizational goals. This is when team members begin to feel comfortable with each other, learns how each operates in a team environment – and begin to share ideas and debate issues. It’s a great way to keep the team and your stakeholders on the same page. I recommend building it out in three phases as you define the problem space, validate your assumptions, and get ready to execute.

After the storming stage, they recognize behavioural patterns, strengths and develop foresight for upcoming roadblocks. This way, they’ll remain high-performing while re-establishing trusted connections. You approach your team to learn about their bottlenecks, roadblocks and concerns. You come to realize that, by involving yourself, they’re burdened by an apprehension to speak up and would rather spend time rectifying the situation. In this meeting, you take notes from each team member and apply these to your team principles. This way, each employee knows they can trust you, and each other going forward.

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It’s critical that leaders understand team development is a process that doesn’t happen overnight. It requires time, attention and patience as team members work through each of the 5 stages and build a sense of trust and companionship with their colleagues. Leaders who have a good grasp of the Tuckman model are able to properly https://globalcloudteam.com/ position themselves within their team’s overall development and ensure that meaningful progress is happening. At this stage, team leaders can begin delegating tasks easily and seeing growth within their teams. Team leaders need to ensure they address any major changes to reduce the possibility of digressing to earlier stages.